A Review on Electromagnetic Fields (EMFs) and the Reproductive System

Ali Asghari et al.

Environmental factors, such as electromagnetic waves, induce biological and genetic effects. One of the most important physiological systems involved with electromagnetic fields (EMFs) is the genital system. This paper reviews the effects of EMFs on human reproductive organs, female animals, fetus development and the importance of two types of natural antioxidants, i.e., vitamin E and fennel. The studies presented in this review referred to the effects of different exposures to EMFs on the reproductive system, and we tried to show the role of natural antioxidants in reducing the effects of the exposures. Many studies have been done on the effects of ionizing and non-ionizing electromagnetic waves on the cell line of spermatogenesis, sexual hormones, and the structure of the testes. Also, about the hormonal cycle, folliculogenesis and female infertility related to EMF have been given more consideration. In particular, attention is directed to pregnant women due to the importance of their fetuses. However, in addition to the studies conducted on animals, further epidemiological research should be conducted.

Latest articles

Byram W. Bridle … In response to a great question about a...
Vesanto Melina Soy has been the focus of considerable controversy. The roots...
Mark Messina … Isoflavones are classified as both phytoestrogens and selective estrogen...
BRMI … The lymphatic system lacks an organ that acts as a...
Jiacheng Huang et al. The extracellular matrix (ECM) is one of the...

Thank you!

Thank you for your membership application. As soon as your payment has been received your membership will be activated and you will be informed via email.

Thank you.

Thank you!

The form has been submitted successfully!