… Essentially the product of diet and lifestyle, type 2 diabetes is an insidious disease, often going undetected for many years. Globally, type 2 diabetes accounts for over 90 percent of all diabetes cases. The rise in diabetes runs roughly parallel that of overweight and obesity, with risk doubling in those who are overweight and tripling in those who are obese. While excess body fat plays a strong role in this disease, the way the fat is distributed is perhaps even more significant.
Some people believe that type 2 diabetes is more a matter of bad genes than bad habits. While it is true that some populations have a greater susceptibility to the disease, genes serve primarily as a loaded gun; it is almost always diet and lifestyle that pull the trigger.
… The two key elements of the lifestyle intervention were diet and exercise. The primary objective of treatment was to overcome insulin resistance and to restore insulin sensitivity as much as was physiologically possible. The diet was designed to support blood glucose control, reduce inflammation, reduce oxidative stress and restore nutritional status..