What is Homotoxicology?

Hans Reckeweg Toxicology is a branch of medical biology concerned with the study of the adverse effects of chemicals on the body. Homotoxicology is essentially an extension of this concept, where toxic substances are seen to disrupt normal biological function which results in the manifestation of symptoms and signs, and ultimately disease. It is the […]

Mistletoe and Immunomodulation: Insights and Implications for Anticancer Therapies

shallow focus photo of red fruits

Shiao Li Oei et al. In early tumor development, cancer cells develop a plethora of strategies to escape surveillance from the adaptive and innate immune system. Cancer immunotherapies, in particular immune checkpoint inhibitors, are becoming a highly promising cancer therapeutic approach that has remarkable increased progress in combating various cancer types. Unfortunately, their mechanisms of […]