Immunology 101: Why Intramuscular COVID-19 Vaccination Must Fail

Anonymous, Sucharit Bhakdi, Michael Palmer Many countries are currently experiencing a wave of COVID-19 “breakthrough cases” in spite of high vaccination rates. In this paper, we explain the fundamental reason why such cases had to be expected: the antibodies induced by intramuscular vaccination will only circulate in the bloodstream, but they will not reach the […]