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Choline has multiple roles as an essential nutrient. A major dietary component found in eggs and liver, its absorption in the intestine is mediated by choline transporters. The majority of choline is used to synthesize phosphatidylcholine, the predominant lipid in cell membranes. As well as being essential in the synthesis of membrane components, choline accelerates the synthesis and release of acetylcholine, an important neurotransmitter involved in memory storage and muscle control. Choline is an essential element in neurodevelopment. As a major dietary source of methyl groups, choline also participates in the biosynthesis of lipids, regulation of metabolic pathways, and detoxification in the body.

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